How to Start a Plant Nursery in India 2021 – Investments, Profits, ROI

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How to Start a Plant Nursery in India in 2021 

There have been many instances where most of us get a feeling and a resolve to improve the environment by planting more trees or plants and improve the greenery and the atmosphere as a whole. With the increasing urbanization and the degradation of forests, there have been a rising global change and bad effects on the climate. This has prompted the government to take the necessary steps and campaigns for improving the current situation. However, what if an individual could earn and protect the environment at the same time? You can start your own business by planting a nursery in India and contribute to the environment as well. 

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What is a Plant Nursery? 

We all know what a nursery is, however, a plant nursery may be a new concept for most of us. A nursery is a place where plants are propagated and fully-fledged to the desired age. They include retail nurseries which sell to the general public, wholesale nurseries which are limited to selling only to businesses such as other nurseries and to commercial gardens, and private nurseries which supply the needs of institutions and private estates. Some Nurseries also act as a supplier for gardens, agriculture, and forest.   

Types of Plant Nurseries  

Before understanding the constituents of how an individual can start his/her own Plant Nursery and the requirements, it is crucial to know about the various types of Plant Nurseries that one can go for. 
 
1. Flower Nurseries  
 
This is one of the most common and beautiful nurseries that one can plant on a piece of land. By having a Flower nursery, you do not just contribute to the beauty of nature and catch people’s hearts with the beautiful flowers, but you also earn by selling them, as flowers are in huge demand in the market. If you are growing rare and high-demand flowers in your nursery, this would scale your sales. 
 
2. Vegetable Nursery  
 
We all know the adverse effects of consuming vegetables that are infected with pesticides and insecticides. People have been shifting to vegetables that are grown on organic farms or through any organic means. They are healthy to consume and hence they are also in great demand. 
 
3. Fruit Nurseries 
 
Next in line is Fruit Nurseries, it is the most popular type of Nursery that is opted by many business owners. The quality of fruits grown in organic land or rather nurseries is way higher than those grown on regular farms. It would require of you to have good patience and continuous care for maintaining these nurseries, however, the returns that you receive at the end are totally worth the efforts. 
 
4. Medicinal Nurseries  
 
Needless to say, with the increasing diseases and the awareness as well as need of medicines, having a medicinal nursery can also be helpful for people fighting with life-threatening diseases. Medicinal ingredients such as Aloe Vera requires such Organic land or Nurseries for emerging to their full extent. This is currently the most profitable Nursery which businesses go for.   

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Requirements for Starting a Plant Nursery in India 

Once you are aware of the types of nurseries that would benefit you the most by liking and even in financial terms, it’s time to garner all the requirements and resources in-depth, that would be required to consider. 
 
1. Land Requirements 
 
This is the most crucial aspect of your business which would require your extra attention. The land is the basic criteria that would decide the credibility and the quality of your nursery and the content that it grows. You need good fertile land, which suits the type of nursery that you are planning for. You can either rent the required agricultural land, or if you have enough space in your backyard or some area of your own, you can opt for the same. For land to be considered for a nursery there should be moisture, nutrients, devoid of insects, and so on. 
 
2. License and Permits 
 
It would require of you to acquire various licenses that are limited to your business. You would need an agricultural permit, a land permit, and other licenses for having your business incorporated and commence. It is very crucial to acquire these licenses for fair and hassle-free business operations.  
 
3. Seed & Saplings  
 
Needless to say, if you are growing vegetables or fruits, or some medicinal properties, you would require seeds and saplings of the respective plant. Your techniques of acquiring the same would matter and affect the quality of the end product ultimately. 
 
4. Tools and Equipment 
 
You cannot utilize your nursery to its fullest capacity without having the right equipment and tools at your disposal. Some basic tools such as hammer, Pavra, scissors, and so on. These very tools would be useful for all the daily activities that you carry on. 
 
5. Manpower 
 
You would need some people to help you with all the daily activities that go on in your nursery. The number of people would depend upon the area of your nursery. 
 
6. Add-ons  
 
Add-ons are usually the pesticides and insecticides that you can use on your plant nursery for protecting them from insects and termites. However, this would not be applicable if you are planning for nurseries that are organic in nature instead of any additives. The Chemicals that you select should be known to you or at least preferred in the market. The best way to go about the same would be to observe and consult other Nursery owners. 
 
7. Marketing your Plant Nursery 
 
As always, you would need promotion and marketing to have your Plant Nursery known among the businesses. The best option would be to have a website built up related to your Plant Nursery. Having your Plant Nursery’s social media handles would also be very impactful. 
 
8. Your Business is on! 
 
That’s it. Once you have fulfilled all the above requirements and selected your own type of preferred Nursery, you can start your business. It would require a lot of patience and extra care to look for.  

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