The complete History of GST in India

A Comprehensive Guide on History of GST in India

GST | StartupYo

Do you check your bills after making any payments? If yes, you might be familiar with the term ‘GST’. But do you know what it is? We will explain it to you.

A comprehensive indirect tax that is imposed nationally on the delivery of goods and services is known as the Goods and Services Tax (GST).The primary goal of the GST is to eliminate tax cascading, guarantee transparency, and establish a single tax structure.

In simpler terms, imagine GST as a single umbrella that covers various taxes like excise, service tax, and VAT. Whether buying a product or availing a service, GST is embedded in the final price. The goal of this unified tax system is to increase everyone’s access to and efficiency with taxation.

Read more : Threshold Limit for GST Registration

GST is a big deal in India, changing how taxes work for the better. Navigating the legal complexity of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in India can be pretty tricky. As the GST affects pricing, compliance, and economic decision-making on many levels, businesses, consumers, and politicians must understand it.

This simple guide will brief GST in India, breaking down its fundamentals, implications, and even in the GST registration process. Whether you’re a business owner striving for compliance or a consumer seeking clarity on how GST affects your purchases, this guide aims to provide clear and concise insights into the workings of this tax regime.

The Evolution of GST

GST has undergone a transformative journey in the Indian taxation system. Its origins can be traced to the concept’s introduction by an expert group in the early 2000s. The national and state governments engaged in years of debates, negotiations, and thought before the 2016 constitutional amendment that authorized the GST was approved. 

Before its implementation, multiple indirect taxes were levied by the central and state governments, creating complexity and inefficiency.

The idea behind GST was to streamline this process, introducing a unified tax system that would simplify compliance for businesses and benefit consumers. The journey began with the introduction of the GST Constitution Amendment Bill in 2014, followed by its passage in 2016. The implementation of GST on July 1, 2017, marked a significant milestone in Indian taxation.

This tax reform aimed to remove the cascading impact of taxes and encourage a more open and effective system. It combined several indirect taxes into one framework, including excise duty, service tax, and VAT. The GST has undergone continuous adjustments and improvements throughout its evolution to address issues and guarantee more seamless implementation.

Despite some difficulties, the shift has generally had a good effect, promoting economic expansion and streamlining tax procedures. The development of this tax system is still a crucial part of India’s economic story, even as the nation works to improve and modify its GST framework.

Objectives of GST

The goal of GST is to make taxes simpler and fairer for everyone. Having one tax instead of many reduces confusion and makes it easier for businesses to comply with tax rules. The primary objectives of GST include:

  • Streamlining Taxation: GST eliminates the cascading effect of taxes by providing a seamless and uniform taxation structure. This ensures that taxes are levied only on the value addition at each stage of the supply chain.
  • Unified Taxation: One key goal is to create a unified national market by subsuming various central and state taxes. This would foster economic integration and reduce trade barriers between states.

Read More : How to apply for GST Number ? 

  • Reducing Tax Evasion: GST aims to curb tax evasion with a robust IT infrastructure and a simplified tax structure. Implementing GST involves digital processes and compliance measures, making it more challenging for businesses to evade taxes.
  • Boosting Economic Growth: GST contributes to economic growth by promoting a more efficient and transparent taxation system. It enhances the ease of doing business, encourages investments, and fosters a conducive business environment.
  • Benefiting Consumers: GST aims to benefit consumers by eliminating the tax-on-tax system and reducing the overall tax burden on goods and services. This leads to more affordable products and services for end consumers.

In essence, GST’s objectives revolve around creating a unified, transparent, and efficient taxation system that benefits businesses, the economy, and, ultimately, the common citizens of India.

Reasons for Implementation of GST

The man behind the idea of GST in India is Dr. Vijay Kelkar. He’s often called the “Father of GST” for his role in shaping tax reform and making it a reality.Before GST, different states had different tax rules. This made things complicated for businesses that operated in multiple states. GST solved this problem by having one set of rules for the country. 

One key reason is streamlining various indirect taxes into a single, unified system. Before GST, businesses had to deal with a maze of taxes imposed by central and state governments, leading to confusion and inefficiency.

Another noteworthy reason for implementing GST is the digitalization of tax processes. Introducing a centralized GSTN (Goods and Services Tax Network) ensures smoother tax administration, reducing manual intervention and the scope for tax evasion.

Read More : GST Input Tax Credit Reconciliation

GST ensures transparency and reduces the cascading effect of taxes, promoting a more efficient and fair taxation system. GST registration is not as difficult as it seems. By using the GST portal, you can complete it online. Just fill out the form, send in your files, and bide your time for approval. Among the paperwork required for GST registration are your PAN card, proof of address, and proof of business registration are among the documents required for GST registration.

Once you have these, you’re ready to go! since its establishment, GST has advanced significantly. Since its introduction, it has simplified taxes, boosting the economy and making life easier for businesses and consumers. Despite facing some challenges, the overall impact has been positive, setting the stage for a brighter economic future.

The GST Council plays a crucial role in this journey, meeting regularly to brainstorm and improve the GST framework for everyone’s benefit. Their discussions revolve around making GST more effective and user-friendly. It’s like a team effort to ensure the tax system works smoothly, benefiting the nation.


GST has evolved significantly, simplifying the tax landscape, fostering economic growth, and creating a more straightforward experience for businesses and individuals. With the ongoing efforts of the GST Council, we can anticipate even better things on the horizon, making the tax system more efficient and inclusive for all.


Why was GST introduced?

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